Analyst: Customer Using 300 kw Would Save $1.50 a Month With Northern Pass

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Attorney Alan Robert Baker questions economist Julia Frayer of the London Economics International LLC at adjudicative hearings before the Site Evaluation Committee Tuesday on the Northern Pass Transmission project that would carry Hydro-Quebec power to the New England grid.


CONCORD — Despite challenges to her economic projections about the benefits of Northern Pass Transmission, an economist hired by developer Eversource stood by her report on the project.

On day 14 of testimony in the adjudicative hearings on the $1.6 billion, 192-mile project to bring Hydro-Quebec electricity to the New England market before the Site Evaluation Committee, several attorneys suggested projections by Julia Frayer of London Economics International LLC were inaccurate.

They claimed her projections failed to include the growth of solar power and the need for additional high-voltage transmission lines, or future reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

At Tuesday’s hearing, Frayer was asked how much an average residential customer using 300 kilowatts of electricity a month would save due to Northern Pass, and she said about $18 a year, or about $1.50 a month.

Later, she said New Hampshire electric customers would save an average $61 million a year over an extended period of time.

Much of the projected cost benefit from the project bringing 1,090 megawatts of hydro power to the region results from future savings to consumers when Hydro-Quebec enters the forward capacity and wholesale markets.

Under the forward capacity market intended to produce reliable electric sources into the future, power generators bid saying they will provide a certain percentage of their generating capacity to the market in three years. This year New England generators received more than $2 billion for future sales although the price has been declining for the next few years due to lower natural gas prices.

When Northern Pass – through Hydro-Quebec begins bidding in 2020 or so – Frayer said that will bring the cost per kilowatt hour down and produce savings for all New England consumers.

But Site Evaluation subcommittee member Kathryn Bailey noted the most recent auction for forward capacity produced a surplus of over 1,600 MGW.

Won’t the potential savings be lower than currently projected, she asked, and Frayer said yes in the short term, but the overall projections would hold over time.

She said oversupply takes the system more reliable and noted electric “demand goes a long way out before it hits zero.”

According the Frayer’s  projections, Northern Pass’s additional 1,090 megawatts of power will not cause existing plants to close, but Bailey suggested the reimbursement rate may be low enough that some generators will leave the forward capacity market.

Wouldn’t some plants find they could not compete? Bailey asked.

Frayer stood by her prediction, but noted some plants may decide to leave the forward capacity auction.

“(There) would be no retirement, but in terms of the auction, it would be the same effect,” Frayer said. “They may come back once prices recover and it’s rational to do so.”

Other savings for consumers were projected due to reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, which Frayer said are declining due to the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

The lower price and emissions caused Frayer to reduce her economic benefit projections down 25 percent in a revised report issued in February and revised again in March.

Conservation Law Foundation Attorney Melissa Birchard noted project officials have been reducing estimates for carbon reduction benefits, and Frayer’s work did not take into consideration the potential for additional transmission projects and lower electricity costs in the forward capacity market.

Frayer said her revisions did take into account changes in the market and in emissions.

“The projections were accurate at the time they were made” she said, but market conditions evolved and they were revised.”

Birchard asked to go into closed session for about 20 minutes to discuss sealed portions of Frayer’s testimony and people who hadn’t signed a confidentiality agreement were asked to leave. has filed a right-to-know request to obtain Frayer’s unredacted testimony.

Earlier in open session, Attorney Alan Robert Baker, representing landowners and developers along the route, questioned Frayer about a disclaimer in her report.

Frayer said the disclaimer is standard in any report as a signal that someone should do their own due diligence.

“You’re asking the state of New Hampshire to rely in some way on your projections to determine whether or not there is any public benefit for this project,” Baker said. ‘Is there anything in this report you would take out?”

Frayer stood by the report saying it provides an analysis the site committee could rely on.

Hearings continue Wednesday with a panel of environmental experts that Eversource hired to work on the project.

Garry Rayno can be reached at

April 13, Day 1: Eversource NH Chief Quinlan On The Hot Seat At Northern Pass Hearing
April 14, Day 2: Eversource Chief Questioned About ‘Clean’ Energy Claims And Northern Pass Costs
April 17: Day 3: Eversource: Hydro-Quebec Revenues Could Fall Short In Northern Pass’ First Year
April 18: Day 4: Northern Pass’ Potential Health Concerns Debated At Hearing
April 19: Day 5: Concerns Raised About Northern Pass Affecting Health of Sherburne Woods Residents in Deerfield
April 30: Is NH Getting ‘Hoodwinked’ on Health and Safety By Northern Pass?
May 1: Day 6: Testimony: 44 New Access Roads Needed To Build 192-Mile Northern Pass in NH
May 2: Day 7: Northern Pass Expert: 3 Months of Construction Likely In Downtown Plymouth
ay 3: Day 8: Project Official: Northern Pass Construction Limited To 7 am to 7 pm, Noise Assessed Daily
May 3: Eversource’s Chief Quinlan Listed as ‘Host’ For Sununu Fundraiser
May 4: Day 9: Grafton County Attorney Grills Northern Pass Experts On Land Buys
May 5: Day 9, story 2: Common Man’s Alex Ray: Northern Pass Disruption in Plymouth Would Be ‘Fatal’ To Business
May 8: Forest Society Calls Northern Pass Inflated Land Buys a ‘Shell Game’
May 25: Hydro-Quebec Explores Opportunities in New England, New York
May 31:, NHPR Talk Northern Pass With John Dankosky
May 31: Day 10: ‘Frac-Out’ Water Pollution Possible When Drilling To Bury Northern Pass
une 1: Day 11: Applicant: Northern Pass Would Mitigate Impact On Endangered State Butterfly
June 8: Day 12: Counsel for the Public: Northern Pass Financial Expert’s Perspective ‘Unnaturally Optimistic’
June 12: Public Statement Hearings On Northern Pass Begin June 15
June 9: Day 13 below:

For more information about, which is published online by the New Hampshire Center for Public Interest Journalism, contact Nancy West at or call 603-738-5635

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